# Questions tagged [fundamental-group]

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174
questions

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### Categorical Significance of Fibrations

It is well known that the category $\text{Set}$ classifies covering spaces among $1$-categories. That is, for each topological space $X$, there is an equivalence of categories $[ \Pi (X) , \text{Set}]...

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### Fundamental groups of open algebraic varieties [closed]

Let X be an algebraic variety over $\mathbb C$.
1. Is it possible to compute its fundamental group?
2. If X is two dimensional, what is its fundamental group?
3. Let $X\to \bar X$ be the inclusion to ...

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182 views

### The (topological) fundamental group of (quasi)-projective algebraic varieties

I would like to know:
What does the fundamental group of a quasi-projective algebraic variety look like?
I remember that I have seen somewhere that for a connected, finite-type CW-complex $X$, ...

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252 views

### Finite etale covers of products of curves

Probably this question can be phrased in a much greater generality, but I will just state it in the generality I require. I work over $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $C_1, C_2 \subset \mathbb{P}^1$ be non-empty ...

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373 views

### Fundamental group of a topological group

It is well known that the fundamental group of a path-connected topological group is abelian. Suppose that $G$ is a connected topological group and let $Ab(G)$ the abelianization of the topological ...

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### Recover an etale fundamental group from local fundamental groups?

Suppose we have a scheme $S$ and an etale covering $\{ U_i \to S \}$. How much information about $\pi_1^{et} (S)$ can we recover from all the $\pi_1^{et} (U_i)$ ?
Are there special conditions we can ...

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55 views

### Concerning the Spanier group relative to an open cover

Let $\mathcal{U} = \{ U_i \; |\; i\in I \}$ be an open covering of $X$?. Spanier defined $\pi (\mathcal{U}?, ?x)$ to be the subgroup of $\pi_1 (X?, ?x)$ which contains all homotopy classes having ...

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137 views

### Approximation of homotopy avoiding a point in $\mathbb{R}^3$

For a proof that $\mathbb{R}^3\setminus \mathbb{Q}^3$ is simply connected using Baire category theorem I need to approximate an homotopy $H : [0,1]\times \mathbb{S}^1 \to \mathbb{R}^3$ from a loop $\...

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107 views

### Geodesic representatives in the orbifold fundamental group

Does every element in the orbifold fundamental group $\pi_1^{orb}(X,x)$ of a closed hyperbolic 2-orbifold $X$ admit a unique geodesic arc representing it?
Does every free homotopy class in $X$ admit ...

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143 views

### Invariant lifts of a closed curve on a surface of genus > 1

I am learning some things about surfaces of genus greater than $1$, and I am trying to answer this question :
Let $S$ be a compact and orientable surface of genus $g \geq 2$, and $c$ a closed curve ...

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251 views

### Relationships among constructions of fundamental group for schemes

There seem to be several constructions of fundamental group for schemes and stacks: by Grothendieck, Deligne, Nori, Noohi, Esnault-Hai, Vakil-Wickelgren, perhaps others as well. I am trying to ...

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321 views

### Galois categories for topological spaces?

Can the theory of Galois categories (as developed in SGA1) be modified to produce the usual fundamental group of a topological space (maybe assumed to be path connected and locally path connected)?
...

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469 views

### What would be the simplest analog of Langlands in algebraic topology?

It is oversimplified, I know, but just as a superficial analogy, one may think of the fact that abelianization of the fundamental group is the first homology group, as some remote relative of class ...

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123 views

### Multivariate Alexander polynomial vs single variable (Conway) Alexander polynomial

I consider the multivariate Alexander polynomial $\Delta(t_1,\ldots,t_n)$ for a $n$-component link (defined using e.g. the Fox derivative).
If we wish to construct a 1-variable polynomial $A(t)$, we ...

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639 views

### Can one compute the fundamental group of a complex variety? Other topological invariants? [duplicate]

Given a system of polynomial equations with rational coefficients, is there an algorithm to compute the geometric fundamental group of the variety defined by these equations? I'm interested in both ...